A couple of nice grinding machining images I discovered:
Image by Shaojin+AT
Image: Helix Bridge & Marina Bay Sands
Place: Marina Bay, Singapore
Marina Bay Sands is an integrated resort fronting Marina Bay in Singapore. Developed by Las Vegas Sands, it is billed as the world’s most high-priced standalone casino property at S billion (US.7 billion), including price of the prime land.
With the casino complete, the resort characteristics a 2,560-space hotel, a 120,000 sq.m. convention-exhibition center, The Shoppes mall, an Art & Science museum, two Sands Theatres, six "celebrity chef" restaurants, two floating pavilions, a casino with 500 tables and 1,600 slot machines. The complicated is topped by a 340m-lengthy SkyPark with a capacity of three,900 men and women and a 150m infinity swimming pool, set on leading of the world’s biggest public cantilevered platform, which overhangs the north tower by 67m. The 20-hectare resort was designed by Moshe Safdie Architects. The nearby architect of record was Aedas Singapore, and engineering was supplied by Arup and Parsons Brinkerhoff (MEP).
Initially set to open in 2009, Las Vegas Sands faced delays triggered by escalating expenses of material and labour shortages from the onset. The serious global financial crisis also pressured the organization to delay its projects elsewhere to full the integrated resort. Despite the fact that Marina Bay Sands has been compared on scale and improvement costs to MGM’s CityCenter, the latter is a mixed-use development, with condominium properties – comprising 3 of the seven principal structures, becoming sold off.[six]
The resort was officially opened with a two-day celebration on 23 June 2010 at three.18 pm, right after a partial opening earlier in April. It was, nonetheless, not completed at the time of the April opening, which was marked by quite a few service failures.[eight] The museum, theatres and floating pavilions are nevertheless being constructed and are anticipated to be totally completed by December 2010.
Element of the parcel of land for Marina Bay Sands in the foreground prior to improvement. The parcel overlooks Singapore’s financial district in the background.
Marina Bay Sands is 1 of two winning proposals for Singapore’s first Integrated Resorts, the other getting the Resorts Globe Sentosa, which incorporates a family members-friendly Universal Studios Theme Park. The two massive-scale resorts have been conceived to meet Singapore’s financial and tourism objectives for the subsequent decade and they will have 30-year casino licenses, exclusive for the very first ten years.
Bidders were assessed based on four criteria:
tourism appeal and contribution
architectural concept and design
strength of the consortium and partners
On 27 Might 2006, Las Vegas Sands (LVS) was declared winner of the Marina Bay web site in the prime new enterprise district of Marina South with its organization-oriented resort. LVS highlighted its forte in Meetings, Incentives, Conferencing and Exhibitions (MICE), of which its founder, Sheldon Adelson, is a pioneer in Las Vegas and the crucial to his early company good results. In the Design Evaluation portion of the tender, a panel of regional and international architects commended Sands’ style as superior to other bids in terms of pedestrian circulation and layout, and it also match in with the Marina Bay landscape best. They liked that the hotel towers was set back from the waterfront to open up expansive views of the city and the entire Marina Bay, producing the skyline for Singapore’s downtown more eye-catching and distinctive.
Singapore Tourism Board highlighted Sands’ line-up of six celebrity chefs, such as Australia’s Tetsuya Wakuda and Thomas Keller (Napa Valley, California, USA) and Charlie Trotter (Chicago, USA).
LVS submitted its winning bid on its personal. Its original companion City Developments Limited (CDL), with a proposed 15 per cent equity stake, pulled out of the partnership in the second phase of the tender method. CDL’s CEO, Kwek Leng Beng stated his company’s pullout was a combination of factors – such as troubles in getting quite a few organizations he owns to comply in time, as well as reluctance of some parties to disclose certain private information in probity checks required by the Singapore government. However, Kwek was retained as an advisor for Sands’ bid.
Inside the Marina Bay Sands Hotel
Las Vegas Sands initially committed to invest S.85 billion (about US.85 billion) in the project, not including the fixed S.2 billion (about US8 million) cost of the 6,000,000 square feet (560,000 m2) web site itself. With the escalating charges of materials, such as sand and steel, and labour shortages owing to other key infrastructure and home development in the nation, Sheldon Adelson spot the total cost of the development at S. billion (about US.9 billion) as of July 2009.
Las Vegas Sands declared the undertaking as "one of the world’s most difficult building projects and undoubtedly the most high-priced stand-alone integrated resort property ever constructed". It expects the casino to produce at least billion in annual profit. Two months following the initial phased opening, the casino attracts about 25,000 guests every day, about a third being Singaporeans and permanent residents who spend a everyday entry levy or ,000 for annual unlimited access. Half a million gamblers passed by way of the casino in June 2010.
For the economy, Marina Bay Sands is projected to stimulate an addition of .7 billion or .8 per cent to Singapore’s Gross Domestic Item by 2015, employing 10,000 individuals straight and 20,000 jobs being designed in other industries.
The resort is designed by Moshe Safdie, who says it was initially inspired by card decks. In addition to the casino, other essential elements of the plan are 3 hotel towers with 2,500 rooms and suites, a 200,000-square-foot (19,000 m2) Art-Science museum and a convention centre with 1,200,000 square feet (111,000 m2) of space, capable of accommodating up to 45,000 individuals. The resort’s architecture and major design and style adjustments along the way had been also authorized by a number of consultant feng shui masters.[citation necessary]
For the duration of the 2010 Summer Youth Olympics opening ceremony
Marina Bay Sands was originally planned to be completed in a single phase in 2009, but increasing construction charges and the economic crisis forced the business to open it in phases. The very first phase’s preview opening was additional delayed until 27 April 2010, and the grand opening was pushed back to 23 June 2010. The rest of the complicated stay beneath construction and will not be completed prior to 2011.
On 27 April 2010, Marina Bay Sands had the first of a planned three to 4 phase openings. The casino, parts of the conference hall, a segment of the Shoppes, 963 hotel rooms and the event plaza had been opened at the auspicious time of three:18 p.m as part of the "preview opening".
The Inter-Pacific Bar Association (IPBA) held the 1st conference at Marina Bay Sands Convention Centre on 2–5 May 2010, but the event was marred by uncompleted facilities and a power failure during a speech. IPBA withheld payment of S0,000 and was consequently sued by Marina Bay Sands. In June IPBA counter-sued, describing the venue as a "complete disaster" and that its earlier payments had been imposed by "duress, fear and force". An "amitable settlement" with undisclosed terms was announced in August.
On 23 June 2010, the resort had its official opening with a "2-day celebration" this involves the Sands SkyPark, the Event Plaza along Marina Bay, far more shops, additional dining choices and nightlife offerings, and the rest of the hotel rooms. Initial day events integrated – a "World Championship Climb" on the glass facade of the building to the SkyPark, with 7 teams of 21 best rock climbers from around the planet competing, and an evening concert for four,000 invited guests and buyers, featuring Diana Ross, Kelly Rowland, JJ Lin amongst other folks. The SkyPark was opened on the second day at two pm, with about 2,000 adult tickets costing S each and every sold.
In December 2010, the Art-Science Museum, two Sands Theatres and two floating Crystal Pavilions will be completed.
In March 2011, Disney’s The Lion King musical production will debut at the Marina Bay Sands Theatre.
View of the CBD skyline, City Hall, and Esplanade from the SkyPark
View of Singapore Flyer from the SkyPark
Marina Bay Sands characteristics 3 55-storey hotel towers which had been topped out in July 2009. The 3 towers are connected by a 1 hectare sky terrace on the roof, named Sands SkyPark.
In front of the three towers consist of a Theatre Block, a Convention and Exhibition Facilities Block, as well as the Casino Block, which have up to 1000 gaming tables and 1400 slot machines. The Art-Science Museum is constructed next to the three blocks and has the shape of a lotus. Its roof will be retractable, supplying a waterfall via the roof of collected rainwater when closed in the day and with laser shows when opened at evening. The Art-Science Museum opens in December 2010.
The SkyPark is house to the world’s longest elevated swimming pool,  with a 478-foot (146-meter) vanishing edge, perched 191 meters above the ground. The pools are made up of 422,000 pounds of stainless steel and can hold 376,500 gallons (1424 cubic metres) of water. The SkyPark also boasts rooftop restaurants, nightclubs, gardens hundreds of trees and plants and a public observatory with 360-degree views of the Singapore skyline.
There are four movement joints beneath the main pools, created to aid them withstand the natural motion of the towers, and every single joint has a special range of motion. The total range of motion is 19.68 inches (500 millimetres). In addition to wind, the hotel towers are also topic to settlement in the earth over time, so engineers built and installed custom jack legs to permit for future adjustment at a lot more than 500 points beneath the pool method. This jacking system is essential mostly to ensure the infinity edge of the pool continues to function properly.
Moshe Safdie created an Art Path within the resort, incorporating seven installations by five artists which includes Sol Lewitt, Antony Gormley and Zheng Chongbin. The pieces are meant to play on environmental influences such as light, water and wind, integrating art with architecture.
Source from: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marina_Bay_Sands
Image by ATOMIC Hot Links