Some cool turning manufacturing images:
Image from web page 49 of “The velvet and corduroy business a short account of the a variety of processes connected with the manufacture of cotton pile goods” (1922)
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Title: The velvet and corduroy market a brief account of the various processes connected with the manufacture of cotton pile goods
Year: 1922 (1920s)
Authors: Cooke, J. Herbert
Subjects: Velvet Cotton manufacture
Publisher: London, New York [and so forth.] Sir I. Pitman & sons, ltd
Contributing Library: Smithsonian Libraries
Digitizing Sponsor: Smithsonian Libraries
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Text Appearing Ahead of Image:
2,500 and 3,500 occasions, it willbe realized that the sizing, to withstand the friction,is a matter for great care and encounter. Numerous Types. In a plain type of cloth, in the separa-tion of the warp threads for the passage of the weftbetween, the yarn is equally divided, i.e. just as manythreads are above as beneath the line of weft, and mechan-ically this is reversed for the subsequent pick or line of weft,but in a velvet, fustian, or any cloth in which the weftis employed to kind the face or pile, it is required that asmuch as achievable of the weft shall be laid on the surface,only adequate warp threads becoming introduced to hold 34 VELVET AND CORDUROY Industry the weft and keep it in its position when reduce, and herewe take benefit of the healds to Hft just as many,or as few, of the warp threads as may be needed to holdthe weft, and the mechanism of the loom is adaptedto this end. The manner of varying the sequence in the liftingof the warp threads, and so making a modify in the V^arf) or
Text Appearing After Image:
TwistX Reduce right here following weaving. Diagram A PLAIN VELVET pattern and character of the velvet to be woven, willbe dealt with presently, and it will be shown how altera-tions in the lifting of the warp threads make thedifferent qualities of velvet to be described later on. A basic concept of the intersection of threads to formthe pattern of a plain velvet is shown in Diagram A. The weft yarn to form the pile is typically created ofthe finest lengthy staple American cotton, though notinfrequently the excellent types of Egyptian or Soudancotton are utilized. The good quality need to be of the bestso as to turn out a very good velvet piece, and to create PREPARATION—SPINNING AND WEAVING 35 the excellent, soft and complete pile, so characteristicallybeautiful and rich searching. It is vital that theweft used should be spun as soft as feasible, with aslittle binding or manage of the fibres as is practicable,as since the pile described is created up of the ends oflarge numbers of definite and separate fibres, theymust be allo
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Image from web page 164 of “Manufacturing possibilities in the state of Washington” (1918)
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Title: Manufacturing possibilities in the state of Washington
Year: 1918 (1910s)
Authors: Washington (State). Office of the Secretary of State. Bureau of Statistics and Immigration
Publisher: Olympia, Wash. Public printer
Contributing Library: Cornell University Library
Digitizing Sponsor: MSN
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Text Appearing Just before Image:
itiesof really high grade limestone, cheap fuel and a tremendous timberwaste from which to acquire the carbon. Turning to our natural supplies of obtainable nitrogen, thecoals of this state include, on an typical, roughly oneper cent, of their weight in nitrogen. When the coal is heatedto make coke or gas, the greatest portion of this nitrogen can be Fcrtiliztr He.soiircfs 161 recovcTud in the kind of aninionium sulpliatc—a -aluahk for-tiliztT niatiTial. The gas performs of our larger cities are now coUeetino- niaiivtons of this nitrogen, but in the eoke ovens in the State ofWashington wonderful quantities of useful nitrogen materials arebeing wasteil. Kventuallv, in this state, as is now getting exten-sively (lone in Germany, coal will be distilled for the nitrogenand the useful oils and waxes. Some of oiir coals appear partie-ularlv adapted to this use. FISH WASTE. Washingtons greatest contribution to the nitrogeiiois fer-tilizer su[)plv is in the kind of dried and treated fish scrap or
Text Appearing Right after Image:
eutl-lisli packin.ii plant. fish guano. The greatest part of this guano is supplied byth< whaling businesses. A single organization was formed for the pur-pose of operating up dog fish and other worthless fisli. The Pacific Items Firm of Seattle and Port Town-send is operating up the worthless fish as nicely as salmon canneryuaste. Appioximately 1,000 tons of prepared fish fertilizer istlieii annual output. Three and si.x-tenths tons raw fish makeone ton fertilizer, this containing roughly 11 per cent ni-tiogeii and 14 per cent bone phosphate. For years the salmon canneries threw away a trcinendoustonnage of scrap—some 40 or 50 })er cent of the weight of the 16!^ Manufacturing Opportunities in Washington fish—liuads, fins, viscera, and so on. Today, significantly of this scrap issaved and, when appropriately treated, forms a very fine fertilizermaterial containing both nitrogen and phosphorus. Processeshave been developed whereby it is achievable for cannery guys topartially remedy their scrap and colle
Note About Photos
Please note that these photos are extracted from scanned web page images that may possibly have been digitally enhanced for readability – coloration and appearance of these illustrations may possibly not completely resemble the original perform.